Notch ? a possible mediator between Epstein-Barr virus infection and bone resorption in apical periodontitis
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Objectives: This study aimed to investigate whether Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive periapical lesions exhibited higher mRNA levels of Notch signalling molecules (Notch2 and Jagged1), bone resorption regulators (receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-? ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG)), and proinflammatory cytokines (tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1?) and IL-6) compared to EBV negative lesions. Additionally, the potential correlation between investigated molecules in periapical lesions was analyzed. Materials and methods: Sixty-four apical periodontitis lesions were obtained subsequent to standard apicoectomy procedure. The presence of EBV was determined using nested PCR. Based on the presence of EBV all periapical lesions were divided into two groups, 29 EBV positive and 35 EBV negative lesions. A reverse transcriptase real-time PCR was used to determine mRNA levels of Notch2, Jagged1, RANKL, OPG, TNF-?, IL-1? and IL-6. Results: Significantl...y higher mRNA levels of Notch2, Jagged1, RANKL and IL-1? were observed in EBV positive compared to EBV negative lesions. Significant positive correlation was present between Notch2 and Jagged1, Jagged1 and RANKL, and IL-? and TNF-? in EBV positive periapical lesions. Conclusions: Notch signalling pathway may be involved in alveolar bone resorption in apical periodontitis lesions infected by EBV.
Keywords:Apical periodontitis / Epstein-Barr virus / Notch signalling pathway
Source:Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 2020, 78, 2, 126-131
- Taylor & Francis Ltd, Abingdon