Effect of Aging and Carotid Atherosclerosis on Multifractality of Dental Pulp Blood Flow Oscillations
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Introduction: Age-related changes of dental pulp tissue and atherosclerosis of carotid arteries as its feeding arteries could influence the functionality of pulpal circulation. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of aging (physiological process) and carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis (pathologic process) on the pulpal microcirculatory system using multifractal analysis of the laser Doppler flowmetry signal. Methods: Three groups of 10 subjects were enrolled in the study: the young group (healthy subjects, 20-25 years), the middle-aged group (healthy subjects, 50-60 years), and the clinical group (subjects with carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis, 50-60 years). Pulpal blood flow (PBF) signals recorded by laser Doppler flowmetry were assessed by multifractal analysis that estimates Holder exponents of the signal. PBF levels, the average mean values, and the range of Holder exponents were obtained. Results: PBF levels were significantly higher in the young group compare...d with the middle-aged and clinical groups, and the difference between the middle-aged and clinical groups was not statistically significant. The range of the Holder exponents was narrower in the middle-aged and clinical groups than in the young group and narrower in the clinical group than in the middle-aged group. The average mean value of Holder exponents was significantly higher in the young group than in the middle-aged and clinical groups, whereas there was no significant difference between the middle-aged and clinical groups. Conclusions: Our study investigating the multifractality of the PBF signal showed that the aging process and carotid atherosclerosis could affect the complex structure of PBF oscillations and contribute to a better understanding of pulpal hemodynamics.
Keywords:Aging / atherosclerosis / dental pulp / laser Doppler flowmetry / multifractal analysis
Source:Journal of Endodontics, 2020, 46, 3, 358-363
- Elsevier Science Inc, New York