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dc.creatorFolayan, Morenike O.
dc.creatorEl Tantawi, Maha
dc.creatorSchroth, Robert J.
dc.creatorVuković, Ana
dc.creatorKemoli, Arthur
dc.creatorGaffar, Balgis
dc.creatorObiyan, Mary
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-02T13:29:12Z
dc.date.available2020-07-02T13:29:12Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn2055-0928
dc.identifier.urihttp://smile.stomf.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/2503
dc.description.abstractBackground Malnutrition is the main risk factor for most common communicable diseases. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between country-level prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC), malnutrition and anemia in infants and preschool children. Methods Matched country-level ECC, malnutrition and anemia prevalence were generated from databases covering the period 2000 to 2017. Multivariate general linear models were developed to assess the relationship between outcome variables (prevalence of stunting, wasting, overweight, and anemia) and the explanatory variable (ECC prevalence) adjusted for gross national income per capita. Adjusted regression coefficients (B) and partial eta squared were computed. Results The mean (standard deviation (SD)) ECC prevalence was 23.8 (14.8)% for 0-2 year-olds and 57.3 (22.4)% for 3-5-year-olds. The mean (SD) prevalence of wasting was 6.3 (4.8)%, overweight 7.2 (4.9)%, stunting 24.3 (13.5)%, and anemia 37.8 (18.1)%. For 0-2-year-olds, the strongest and only significant association was between the prevalence of ECC and overweight (eta 2 = 0.21): 1 % higher ECC prevalence was associated with 0.12% higher prevalence of overweight (B = 0.12, P = 0.03). In 3-5-year-olds, the strongest and only significant association was between the prevalence of ECC and anemia (eta 2 = 0.08): 1 % higher prevalence of ECC was associated with 0.14% lower prevalence of anemia (B = - 0.14, P = 0.048). Conclusion Country-level prevalence of ECC was associated with malnutrition in 0-2-year-olds and with anemia in 3-5-year-olds. The pathway for the direct relationship between ECC and overweight may be diet related. The pathway for the inverse relationship between ECC and anemia is less clear and needs further investigations.en
dc.publisherBMC, LONDON
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceBMC Nutrition
dc.subjectStuntingen
dc.subjectOverweighten
dc.subjectUnderweighten
dc.subjectFree sugaren
dc.subjectGross National Income per capitaen
dc.titleAssociations between early childhood caries, malnutrition and anemia: a global perspectiveen
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dcterms.abstractОбиyан, Марy; Вуковић, Aна; Сцхротх, Роберт Ј.; Гаффар, Балгис; Ел Тантаwи, Маха; Кемоли, Aртхур; Фолаyан, Моренике О.;
dc.citation.volume6
dc.citation.issue1
dc.citation.other6(1): -
dc.identifier.wos000531657800001
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s40795-020-00340-z
dc.identifier.pmid32467766
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85089038207
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://smile.stomf.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/3444/2498.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_3713
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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